In this issue of <Philologica we introduce a new section: Meditationes. It would appear that the essays on general subjects in this section will be products of philological work which are, by definition, outside the normal ambit of science. “Scientism”, as B. I. Iarxo argued, “is the property of exposition rather than of cognition”. “Science”, V. P. Zubov echoed, “is a kind of human language”: “scientific reality does not exist, it is scientific exposition that does”. Reflections placed here are mostly of a preliminary character; we cannot accord them the designation “scientific”, not least because of their mode of expression, which is clearly relaxed, and often non-obligatory for anybody, including the authors themselves. Nonetheless the ideas expounded in them can be of some use for science, if only as raw material for working hypotheses: it is not unlikely that these ideas will lay the foundations for substantial (systematic and rigorously demonstrative) scientific investigations.
The articles of A. Piatigorsky and M. I. Shapir are the first Meditationes. Both authors, without any pre-arrangement and independently of each other, wrote essays on the same subject, and one which is topical enough. We may state that, in the second half of our century, there appeared side by side with “mere” philosophy and “mere” philology the intermediate phenomenon of (to coin Piatigorsky’s word) “philological philosophy”. Piatigorsky examines this cultural novelty from the philosopher’s, and Shapir from the philologist’s point of view. Their conclusions, sometimes very close, and even word for word the same, are also sometimes in sharp opposition we hope this can only make them more interesting to the reader.